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Open Access Original article

Biotransformation of caffeoyl quinic acids from green coffee extracts by Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533

Rachid Bel-Rhlid1*, Dinesh Thapa2, Karin Kraehenbuehl1, Carl Erik Hansen1 and Lutz Fischer3

Author Affiliations

1 Nestec Ltd, Nestlé Research Centre, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, P.O. Box 44, Lausanne 26, 1000, Switzerland

2 Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health Gut, Health/Microbial Biochemistry, University of Aberdeen, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, AB21 9SB, Scotland

3 Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Hohenheim (Stuttgart), Garbenstr. 25, Stuttgart, D-70593, Germany

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AMB Express 2013, 3:28  doi:10.1186/2191-0855-3-28

Published: 21 May 2013

Abstract

The potential of Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533 to metabolize chlorogenic acids from green coffee extract was investigated. Two enzymes, an esterase and a hydroxycinnamate decarboxylase (HCD), were involved in this biotransformation. The complete hydrolysis of 5-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) into caffeic acid (CA) by L. johnsonii esterase occurred during the first 16 h of reaction time. No dihydrocaffeic acid was identified in the reaction mixture. The decarboxylation of CA into 4-vinylcatechol (4-VC) started only when the maximum concentration of CA was reached (10 μmol/ml). CA was completely transformed into 4-VC after 48 h of incubation. No 4-vinylphenol or other derivatives could be identified in the reaction media. In this study we demonstrate the capability of L. johnsonii to transform chlorogenic acids from green coffee extract into 4-VC in two steps one pot reaction. Thus, the enzymatic potential of certain lactobacilli might be explored to generate flavor compounds from plant polyphenols.

Keywords:
Chlorogenic acid; 4-vinylcatechol; Esterase; Decarboxylase; L. johnsonii